satellite photo Wadden coast Jeffrey Williams NASA

Climate adaptation strategy for Wadden Coast Region in the 21st century

The climate is changing: the earth is warming up and sea levels are rising, with an increasing impact on our ecosystems, the way we grow our food and the way we live. A large number of challenges converge in the Wadden coast area. Programme towards a Rich Wadden Sea (PRW) is working on this together with various partners. We asked Strootman Landscape Architects to support PRW in developing a strategy for climate adaptation along the Wadden coast.

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satellite photo Wadden coast Jeffrey Williams NASA

On expedition to the Wadden Coast

For centuries, the Wadden Sea region has been a beautiful area of inestimable value. With soft edges, old cities, harbours and industry, good agricultural land and rich nature. But also with hard dams and dikes for water safety. The consequences of climate change threaten the area. This threat will increase in the coming years. That is why measures are already being taken at various places along the Wadden coast. We make this visible with Expedition Wadden Coast.

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vismonitoring Zoutkamperlaag Michiel Firet

Knowledge necessary for improving the Wadden Sea fish stock

Fish species use the Wadden region in various ways. Some fish grow on it and then leave. Others stay there all their lives. There are also fish species that reproduce in the fresh water (mainland) and later migrate to the Ocean or the North Sea via the Wadden Sea. And sometimes the other way around. We are working on removing obstacles to these migratory fish along the entire Wadden coast. And on solutions to make fish migration possible. In this way we contribute to the recovery of the fish stock in the Wadden Sea.

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E ferry Ellen

LEARNING JOURNEY TO SAMSØ AND ÆRO (E-FERRY ‘ELLEN’)

In order to learn from other transition processes, PRW’s Rick Timmerman and Gerwin Klomp visited the Energiakademiet on the Danish island of Samsø and took a look around the electric-powered ferry ‘Ellen’, which operates between Søby (Æro island) and Fynshavn. During their time here, they saw, experienced and listened to all of the lessons that can be learned from two unique and high-profile sustainability initiatives in Denmark.

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INVENTORY OF FISH MONITORING AND RESEARCH PROGRAMMES FOR THE WADDEN SEA

The Common Wadden Sea Secretariat (CWSS) has published the ‘Trilateral Fish Monitoring: Overview of monitoring and research for Swimway’, which is part of the Research and Monitoring Pillar of the trilateral Swimway Vision and Action Programme. The report presents an overview of monitoring and long-term research programmes into marine and estuarine fish in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands, with a focus on Wadden Sea tidal flats, gullies (tidal inlets and streams) as well as subtidal marine areas and estuaries bordering the Wadden Sea.

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RISING SEA LEVELS IN THE NORTH SEA AND WADDEN SEA: CONTRAST WITH GLOBAL TRENDS EXPLICABLE

A number of signs of rising sea levels have been observed along the North Sea and Wadden Sea coast. The global sea level is rising at a faster rate than we are observing in the North Sea and Wadden Sea and some future scenarios are predicting extremely high sea levels. The PRW (Programme towards a Rich Wadden Sea) has commissioned an analysis of the consistency between these indicators, the results of which are published in the report entitled Zeespiegelstijging langs de Nederlandse kust en de regionale bestuurlijke consequenties (Rising sea levels along the Dutch coast and the related regional administrative consequences).

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CLIMATE CHANGE THREATENS MIGRATORY BIRDS IN WADDEN SEA REGION

There are clear indications that the climate, both in the Netherlands and elsewhere, is changing faster than was generally thought only a few years ago. The Programme for a Healthy Wadden Sea (PRW) has commissioned the Wadden Academy to identify the consequences of this development for birds on the East-Atlantic migratory route, based on an analysis of existing scientific data. The report, The effects of climate change on birds in the Wadden Sea region, compiled by expert Jeroen Reneerkens, presents the findings and conclusions of the study.

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