The Larrelter und Wybelsumer Polder with a total area of 6.3 km2 have been formed between 1912 and 1923. As such, it is one of the more early land reclamations with sediments dredged from the Ems estuary. The most seaward areas are now partially in use as one of Europe’s largest wind farms.
At the entrance via the Peterwoldeweg you experience the industrial and agricultural landscape and the passage to the landfill area with the difference in height compared to the foreland.
coordinates Google Maps: 53.33706 , 7.13665
In a chatwalk the participants discussed several topics:
Given the estimate annual import of mud is 1,1 to 1,5 times the amount of annual deposits in the trilateral Wadden Sea, is it wise to extract mud from the Ems estuary, which is in the order of 10% of the annual import?
The Wybelsumer Polder is clearly an example where a problem (dredging sludge) leads to a solution (sediment deposition and land reclamation), which creates new problems, after which solutions are devised that are appropriate for that time (food production by farmers, housing, food production by cannery, livestock, lighthouse area, harbor (not developed), wind farm, nature reserve (developed)?), landfill (in preparation?). The whole approach led to a rather messy approach from a spatial point of view.
Land use is clearly limited in the most seaward fields of the Wybelsumer Polder. Tall windmills are combined with rugged fields that are of great value to plants and birds. However, the windmills are a threat to birds and bats. Is zoning of functions a step forward? For example bird islands with special measures to combat predation in a zone without mills and intensive use of the area with mills a way forward?
To improve the Emden Port the mooring sites Emskai and Emspier should be closed with a nourishment (2.3 ha., 337 m. extra mooring length). With Ems-side dredging activities. Is an more integrative approach possible?